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Elba Cruz-Zavalla interviewed by Ann-Mari Jordens [sound recording]. Recorded on July 20, 2005 at Canberra, A.C.T.

Item Title
Elba Cruz-Zavalla interviewed by Ann-Mari Jordens [sound recording]. Recorded on July 20, 2005 at Canberra, A.C.T.
Repository
National Library of Australia Oral History Collection
Reference
ORAL TRC 5489
Date Range
1950 - 2005
Description

Elba Cruz-Zavalla, born in 1945 in Chepika, Chile, talks about her early life and her family background; her father's strong sense of social justice, socialist and communist values; her dyslexia; leaving school early to help her mother in the home; at 18 going to Santiago where she worked in a men's clothing factory; participating in union activities; in 1969 marrying Valenzuela Ramirez, a carpenter; how she and her husband worked to promote community development centres in suburbs and country towns under the Allende government; her two brothers who became Allende's unofficial bodyguards; the assassination of Allende at the Presidential Palace in November 1973; one brother being executed after the coup; her other brother being imprisoned and released after four months; her husband being granted refuge in Argentina; following him with her three small children in November 1974.
Cruz-Zavalla speaks about living in Argentina for three years under UN protection; having another child ; the family being accepted as refugees by Australia in 1977; settling initially in Adelaide, then coming to Canberra; her husband working as a carpenter; studying English; working as cook, a cleaner in a hotel and hospital and as a casual worker at the Health Services Supply Services laundry at Mitchell; initiating a successful three -week strike over employment conditions at the laundry in 1987, and subsequently became the union representative there; after six years developing RSI and being forced to seek less demanding work; in 1991 joining the staff of the Beryl Women's Refuge; assisting Chilean refugees settle in Canberra; her involvement in a number of community organizations such as the Chilean Solidarity Committee, a support organization for Argentinean refugees; the Chilean broadcasting program on 2XX and Association of Non-English-Speaking Background Women of Australia (ANESBWA).

Formats
Sound recording
Quantity
4 Sound files
Access
Access open for research, written permission is required for personal copies and public use for 10 years from the date of the interview.
Finding Aid

Timed Summary (5 p) available

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