Christian Brynhild Ochiltree Jollie-Smith

15 March 1885
Parkville, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
January 1963
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Barrister, Communist, Lawyer, Social activist and Solicitor

Christian Brynhild Ochiltree Jollie-Smith studied law at the University of Melbourne, graduating with a Bachelor of Laws in 1911. She was admitted as a barrister and solicitor by the Supreme Court of Victoria on 1 October 1912. She practiced as a solicitor in Melbourne from 1914, was appointed professional assistant in the Crown Solicitor's Office, Melbourne.

Jollie-Smith was a foundation committee-member of the Communist Party of Australia. A socialist and member of the Communist Party, Jollie-Smith published the Australian Communist journal. Her own work, The Japanese Labour Movement, was published in 1919. After moving to Sydney, Jollie-Smith established her own successful legal practice. In 1924 she became the second woman admitted as a solicitor in New South Wales. Jollie-Smith mainly dealt with political and industrial cases, and championed the working class. She was often employed by trade unions, or by those engaged in anti-eviction disputes during the depression years. Jollie-Smith regularly contributed to the Communist publication, Workers' Weekly, and to Tribune.

Sources used to compile this entry: Damousi, Joy, 'Smith, Christian Brynhild Ochiltree Jollie (1885-1963)', in Australian Dictionary of Biography Online, Australian National University, 2006,; Radi, Heather (ed.), 200 Australian Women: A Redress Anthology, Women's Redress Press, Sydney, 1988, 258 pp. Also available at; Skinner, Carolyn, 'Christian Jollie Smith: a life', PhD thesis, Macquarie University, 2008. Also available at; Smith, Christian Jollie, The Japanese Labor Movement, Smithson Bros., Melbourne, 1919, 16 pp.

Prepared by Barbara Lemon