• Entry type: Person
  • Entry ID: AWE0105

Lyons, Enid Muriel

(1897 – 1981)
  • Nationality Australian
  • Born 9 July, 1897, Duck River, Smithton Tasmania Australia
  • Died 2 September, 1981, Ulverstone Tasmania Australia
  • Occupation Politician


Dame Enid Lyons AD GBE was the first woman elected to the Australian federal Parliament, in 1943. She was also the first woman in federal Cabinet. She was appointed as a Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (Civil) on 11 May 1937 for her public services to Australia and as a Dame of the Order of Australia (AD) on 26 January 1980.


Originally a teacher, Enid had a long-held interest in politics. In 1915 she married Joseph Lyons, who became Prime Minister of Australia in 1931. The couple had 12 children.

In 1943 Enid Lyons was elected to the House of Representatives for the seat of Darwin (in Tasmania) as a candidate for the United Australia party, where she demonstrated her concern with issues surrounding maternity care, child endowment, women’s representation in parliament and discrimination in employment.



  • 2001 - 2001

    Inducted into the Victorian Honour Roll of Women

Published resources

Archival resources

  • National Library of Australia, Manuscript Collection
    • Papers of Alexander Gore Gowrie, 1835-1987 [manuscript]
    • Papers on various Australian women [19--] [manuscript]
    • Papers of Dame Enid Muriel Lyons, 1931-1974 [manuscript]
    • Papers of Jack and Jean Horner, 1956-2003 [manuscript]
  • State Library of South Australia
    • Papers of Janine Haines AM
  • National Library of Australia, Oral History and Folklore Collection
    • Dame Enid Lyons - a tribute [sound recording] / presented by the Australian Broadcasting Commission
    • Dame Enid Lyons interviewed by Mel Pratt in the Mel Pratt collection [sound recording]
  • National Archives of Australia, National Office, Canberra
    • [Personal Papers of Prime Minister Gorton]
  • State Library of New South Wales
    • Irina Dunn further papers, 1943-1994

Related entries

  • Related Organisations
    • Australian Women's National League (1904 - 1944)
  • Presided
    • St Joan's International Alliance (1936 - )
  • Related Concepts
    • Women's Non-party Political Organisations