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Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC) (1948 - )

From
November 1948
Occupations
Armed services organisation
Website
http://www.defence.gov.au/dpe/dhs/infocentre/history/army/raanc.htm

Summary

The Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps was formed from the Royal Australian Army Nursing Service and the Australian Army Medical Women's Service. Since being established members of the service have served in many theatres of war and other operations including Vietnam, the 1991 Gulf War, Cambodia, Rwanda, Bougainville and East Timor.

Details

Events

1899 - 1902
The first nursing sisters to serve with Australian troops were those who travelled with the Colonial Military Forces to the South African (Boer War).
1902
The General Order giving effect to an improved organisation for nurses was written in 1902 and promulgated on the 1st July 1903.
1 July 1903 - November 1948
The Australian Army Nursing Service Reserve, which formed the basis of the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps established.
1904 - 1914
A Lady Superintendent and Matron appointed to all states
1914 - 1918
A total of 2139 sisters served overseas and another 423 served in Australia. 25 sisters died and 388 were decorated for their service which included 5 CBE, 10 OBE, 42 RRC and 23 foreign awards
8 May 1916 - 1916
A Matron-in-Chief appointed to administer the service and advise the Director General of Medical Services (which controlled the Service) on service matters.
1936
The Matron-in-Chief and Principal matrons from each state were sent to England with the Coronation contingent.
1939 - 1945
A total of 3477 joined the Service with 71 members losing their lives (23 battle casualties and 18 died as a result of accident or illness). 137 decorations were awarded including two George medals.
March 1943
The Australian Army Nursing Service, formerly an auxiliary service, was incorporated as part of the Australian Military Forces.
1945
Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, accepted the appointment of Honorary Colonel of the Australian Army Nursing Service.
November 1948
In recognition of the service given in two world wars the title Royal was designated to the Service - now called Royal Australian Army Nursing Service.
July 1949
Approval given to appoint female officers and enlist female Other Ranks into the Regular Army, to provide nursing staff for an overseas General Hospital and Camp Hospitals in Australia.
February 1951 - 1951
The Service was designated a Corps - now called the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC). In the same year the Australian Army Medical Women's Service (AAMWS) was disbanded.
1952
A Corps Badge with the motto Pro Humanitate - for Humanity was introduced.
1955 - 1969
Members served in Malaya
16 April 1957
Colonel A M Sage, CBE, RRC, FNM, was appointed as the first Honorary Colonel and Representative Honorary Colonel to the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps.
7 February 1958
Approval was granted for the adoption of a corps flag for the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps.
1966 - 1969
Nursing sisters sent to Papua New Guinea to care for the wives and families of the indigenous servicemen.
1967 - 1971
In total 43 Officers served in Vietnam.
1970
The first Alice Appleford award was presented. The award is present annually by the Ex-AAMWS to a non-commissioned member for proficiency in service.
1979
The first issue of the Corps Magazine "Grey and Scarlet" published. It is currently published annually.
1983
Approval was granted for the traditional colours of grey and scarlet to be used for all Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps embellishments.
January 1990
Nursing Officers sent as part of Australia's commitment to the United Nations force to the Gulf War.
1992 - 2001
Nursing Officers participated in all United Nations Deployments.
1997
Head of Corps abolished.
2001
Head of Corps re-appointed
1 July 2003
Ceremony, including a wreath-laying service and parade from the Nurses Memorial on Anzac Parade to the Tomb Of The Unknown Soldier at the Australian War Memorial, held to celebrate the centenary of the RAANC and the RAAMC.

Sources used to compile this entry: Palazzo, Albert, The Australian Army: A History of its Organisation 1901-2001, Oxford University Press, 2001, 456 pp; http://www.defence.gov.au/dpe/dhs/infocentre/history/army/raanc.htm accessed 20030508.

Related entries

Timeline

 1899 - 1903 New South Wales Army Nursing Service Reserve (NSWANSR)
 1914 - Voluntary Aid Detachments (VAD)
       1902 - 1948 Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS)
       1942 - 1951 Australian Army Medical Women's Service (AAMWS)
             1948 - Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC)

Related Women

Archival resources

Australian War Memorial Research Centre

  • "Fort Petticoat", P02017.022; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Group portrait of officers of the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC), P02017.036; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Portrait of Sister Betty Crocker, Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC), P02044.002; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Six Sisters of the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps (RAANC) wave farewell from the gangplank of MV New Australia on embarkation for service in Malaya., 1 September 1955, DUN/55/0824/EC; Dukley, Harry; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details

Anne Heywood

Site-wide information and acknowledgements

National Foundation for Australian Women The University of Melbourne, eScholarship Research Centre

http://www.womenaustralia.info/biogs/AWE0446b.htm

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