• Entry type: Organisation
  • Entry ID: AWE0398

New South Wales Army Nursing Service Reserve (NSWANSR)

(From 1899 – 1903)
  • Occupation Armed services organisation


The Army Nursing Service Reserve was established in 1899 and attached to the New South Wales Army Medical Corps. This was the first official female army nurses’ organisation in the Australian colonies. Nurse Nellie Gould was appointed lady superintendent of the Reserve. On the 17 January 1900 Nurse Gould left with thirteen nursing sisters to serve in the Boer War as part of the British Army. The nursing contingent returned to Australia in 1902. The Reserve was replaced by the Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS), that was formed post Federation.


New South Wales Army Medical Corps attached to Imperial Draft Contingent – Roll of individuals entitled to the South Africa Medal and Clasps:

  • Gould, Ellen Julia – Lady Superintendent
  • Johnstone, Julia Bligh – Superintendent
  • Austin, Anne – Sister
  • Frater, Penelope – Sister
  • Garden, Anna Gardiner – Sister
  • Hoadley, Emily – Sister
  • Lister, Elizabeth Ward – Sister
  • Martin, Marion Philippe – Sister
  • Matchett, Annie L – Sister
  • Newton, Nancy – Sister
  • Nixon, Elizabeth – Sister
  • Pocock, Mary Annie – Sister
  • Steel, Mabel – Sister
  • Woodward, Theresa E – Sister

Published resources

  • Book
    • Guns and brooches : Australian Army Nursing from the Boer War to the Gulf War, Bassett, Jan, 1992
    • Australian women at war, Adam-Smith, Patsy, 1984
    • Just wanted to be there : Australian Service Nurses 1899-1999, Reid, Richard, 1999
  • Resource

Archival resources

  • National Archives of Australia, Various Locations
    • Nominal rolls and lists of medals and clasps for New South Wales Military Forces who served in Boer War
  • Australian War Memorial, Research Centre
    • Informal portrait of three nurses who accompanied the Second Contingent to the Boer War as members of the NSW Army Medical Corps.

Related entries

  • Related Women
    • Gould, Ellen Julia (Nellie) (1860 - 1941)
    • Pocock, Mary Anne (Bessie) (1863 - 1946)
    • Nixon, Elizabeth (1865 - 1929)
  • Subsequent
    • Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) (1902 - 1948)