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Australian Women's Land Army (AWLA) (1942 - 1945)

From
27 July 1942
To
31 December 1945
Occupations
Services organisation

Summary

On 27 July 1942, the Australian Women's Land Army (AWLA) was established as a national organisation, reporting to the Director-General of Manpower. The aim of the AWLA was to replace the male farm workers who had either enlisted in the armed services or were working in other essential war work such as munitions. The AWLA was not an enlisted service, but rather a voluntary group whose members were paid by the farmer, rather than the government or military forces. Membership of the AWLA was open to women who were British subjects and between the ages of 18 and 50 years. Housed in hostels in farming areas, members were given formal farming instruction and were initially supplied with uniform, bedding etc. Members were not engaged in domestic work rather they undertook most types of work involved with primary industries. The organisation was to be formally constituted under the National Security Regulations, but a final draft of the National Security (Australian Women's Land Army) Regulations was not completed until 1945, and did not reach the stage of promulgation due to cessation of hostilities and the decision to demobilize the Land Army. [1] A 'Land Army' was established in each state and administered that state's rural needs, though some members were sent interstate when available. In September 1945 it was decided that complete demobilization of the Australian Women's Land Army would take effect not later than 31 December 1945.

Sources used to compile this entry: Hardisty, Sue (ed.) (ed.), Thanks girls and goodbye : the story of the Australian Women's Land Army 1942-45, Viking O'Neil, Ringwood, Vic, 1990, 231 pp; [1] Agency notes for CA 4304 National Archives of Australia..

Related entries

Related Women

Archival resources

Australian War Memorial Research Centre

  • Australian servicewomen's memorial, 1999, ART90968; Ferguson, Anne; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Betty Brown, Australian Women's Land Army, 30 December 1990, S01004; Ruth Thompson; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Cinesound News No. 575, 5 November 1942, F00601; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Country Women's Association Land Army (CWALA), September 1941, 009706; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Daphne Phillips, Australian Women's Land Army, 16 October 1990, S01022; Judy Wing; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Dulcie Gullison, Australian Women's Land Army, 22 November 1990, S00989; Ruth Thompson; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Edna Crowe, Australian Women's Land Army, 31 January 1990, S00769; Daniel Connell; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Esme Wirth, Australian Women's Land Army, 2 February 1990, S00765; Daniel Connell; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Eve Garrett, Australian Women's Land Army, 29 November 1990, S00990; Ruth Thompson; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Gwen Seddon, Australian Women's Land Army, 30 November 1990, S01001; Judy Wing; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Henry, Mavis, 1942, PR00361; Australian Women's Land Army (AWLA) (1942 - 1945); Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Interview with Peggy Williams (When the war came to Australia), 11 February 1991, F04012; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Jean Paterson, Australian Women's Land Army, 31 December 1990, S01003; Ruth Thompson; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Jean Williams, Australian Women's Land Army, 2 February 1990, S00766; Daniel Connell; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Jess Dare, Australian Women's Land Army, 1 October 1996, S00767; Daniel Connell; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Join the Australian Women's Land Army, c. 1942, SC01062 [Leaflet call number: 7/2/2]; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Kath Took, Australian Women's Land Army, 29 December 1990, S01024; Ruth Thompson; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Laurie, Betty (Nee McKibbin), (Australian Women's Land Army), 1991, MSS0700; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Linda Piltz, Australian Women's Land Army, 31 January 1990, S00768; Daniel Connell; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Montgomerie, Lisbeth Ann, 1944 - 1949, PR91/011; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Nancy Thomas, Australian Women's Land Army, 27 November 1990, S01005; Judy Wing; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • News From Home No. 83, 28 March 1944, F00773; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Peggy George, Australian Women's Land Army, 28 November 1990, S01002; Judy Wing; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Sims, Jean Evelyn (Australian Women's Land Army), 1942 - 1945, PR84/286; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Taylor, Grace (Field Officer, b: 1897 d: 1988), 1945 - 1973, PR00169; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Thurecht E W, Miss, 1939 - 1945, MSS0880; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Ursula Garner, Australian Women's Land Army, 30 January 1990, S00764; Dan Connell; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Waterson, Lily M , 1904 - 1988, 1943 - 1945, PR91/200; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • White , Miss Mary, 1939 - 1945, MSS1187; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Women's Land Army, Launceston, Tasmania, 1940 - 1995, PR00765; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details

National Archives of Australia, Melbourne Office

  • Australian Women's Land Army Officers - Issue of uniforms - Policy, 1943 - 1945, B551/0; National Archives of Australia, Melbourne Office. Details
  • Cabinet Minute: Australian Women's Land Army, 1942, MP180/2; National Archives of Australia, Melbourne Office. Details
  • Clothing for Australian Women's Land Army, 1945 - 1946, B5661/1; Australian Women's Land Army (AWLA) (1942 - 1945); National Archives of Australia, Melbourne Office. Details
  • Issues of ration books to members of Australian Women's Land Army, 1942 - 1944, B5661/1; National Archives of Australia, Melbourne Office. Details
  • Miscellaneous items, 1942 - 1995, M4080/1; National Archives of Australia, Melbourne Office. Details
  • [Re the inanguration of a Women's Land Army to be affiliated with the Australian Army Women's Service], 1941, MP508/1; National Archives of Australia, Melbourne Office. Details
  • Services Personnel - Basis of issues (Including Australian Women's Land Army, Red Cross, VAD'S [Voluntary Aid Detachments], and St John's Ambulance Brigade), 1942 - 1948, B5641/1; National Archives of Australia, Melbourne Office. Details
  • Supply of coupon goods to the Australian Women's Land Army, 1944 - 1945, B5661/1; National Archives of Australia, Melbourne Office. Details
  • [Uniforms for VAD [Voluntary Aid Detachment] and AWLA [Australian Women's Land Army], 1942, MP1/1; National Archives of Australia, Melbourne Office. Details

National Archives of Australia, National Office

  • Australian Women's Land Army No.2 File., 1943, CP461/1; National Archives of Australia, National Office. Details
  • Australian Women's Land Army. No.3 file, 1943, CP461/1; Australian Women's Land Army (AWLA) (1942 - 1945); National Archives of Australia, National Office. Details
  • Complaint from ex AWLA (Australian Women's Land Army) member re demobilization conditions., 1946, A663; National Archives of Australia, National Office. Details
  • General Constitution Organisation and Policy File - AWLA (Australian Women's Land Army). Enrolment, Membership etc. Regulations., 1942 - 1944, A663; National Archives of Australia, National Office. Details

National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office

  • Australian Women's Land Army Auxiliary , appeal for volunteers, 1943, SP459/1; National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details
  • Australian Women's Land Army Payment of hospital fees etc of Auxiliary members, 1943 - 1944, B551/0; National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details
  • Australian Women's Land Army, NSW, index cards to members' files, c. 1942 - c. 1945, C598/1; Australian Women's Land Army (AWLA) (1942 - 1945); National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details
  • Australian Women's Land Army, NSW, payment cards for employees' entitlements claims, c. 1942 - c. 1945, C609/1; National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details
  • AWLA [Australian Women's Land Army]. Movements of girls, 1944 - 1945, C605; National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details
  • Bulletin, AWLA [Australian Women's Land Army], 1942 - 1943, C605; Australian Women's Land Army (AWLA) (1942 - 1945); National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details
  • Financial. Donations to AWLA [Australian Women's Land Army], 1941 - 1942, C605; National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details
  • Government advertising posters - Australian Women's Land Army, 1942 - 1945, C934/P1; Australian Women's Land Army (AWLA) (1942 - 1945); National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details
  • Headquarters Staff, AWLA [Australian Women's Land Army]. Strong Hazel Mrs. Bookeeper, 1942 - 1943, C605; National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details
  • Mrs N Johnston to help AWLA [Australian Women's Land Army] during Christmas vacation, 1942, C605; National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details
  • Request for AWLA [Australian Women's Land Army] to attend various functions, 1941, C605; National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details
  • Sales Tax Exemption for AWLA [Australian Women's Land Army], 1942, C605; National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details
  • Statistics of the AWLA [Australian Women's Land Army]. Monthly reports, 1942 - 1944, C605; Australian Women's Land Army (AWLA) (1942 - 1945); National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details
  • WANS [Women's Australian National Services] uniforms, second hand. AWLA {Australian Women's Land Army] girls requiring., 1942 - 1943, C605; National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details
  • Welfare Fund for AWLA [Australian Women's Land Army] donations, 1943, C605; National Archives of Australia, Sydney Office. Details

Digital resources

Title
Land Army Girls
Type
Image

Details

Title
Girls harvesting
Type
Image

Details

Title
Sewing grain bags
Type
Image

Details

Title
Join the Women's Land Army
Type
Image
Date
1943
Control
ARTV01062
Source
Australian War Memorial

Details

Anne Heywood

Site-wide information and acknowledgements

National Foundation for Australian Women The University of Melbourne, eScholarship Research Centre

http://www.womenaustralia.info/biogs/AWE0393b.htm

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