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    An informal group of members of the Women's Royal Australian Naval Service (WRANS), 1945, courtesy of Australian War Memorial.
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Women's Royal Australian Naval Service (WRANS) (1941 - 1984)

From
April 1941
To
1984
Occupations
Armed services organisation

Summary

The Women's Royal Australian Naval Service (WRANS) was established in April 1941 when the Royal Australian Navy enrolled 14 women at HMAS Harman, the wireless telegraphy station near Canberra. It was a non-combat branch of the Royal Australian Navy that, liike many of its sister services created during the Second World War, alleviated manpower shortages resulting from men being assigned to combat roles.

WRANS performed a variety of duties, inclduing working as telegraphists, coders and clerks; but also as drivers, education officers, mechanics, harbour messengers, cooks and sickberth attendants.They worked for intelligence organisations and as domestic staff at Government House, Yarralumla.

The Service was temporarily disbanded in 1948, but was re-formed in 1951 to help the RAN cope with manpower shortages. By 1959 the organisation was incorporated as a non-combatant (and thus non-seagoing) part of the permanent naval forces.

Women were permitted to serve aboard Australian naval ships in 1983, which meant that WRANS personnel were fully integrated into the Royal Australian Navy. This being the case, 1984 the WRANS was premanently disbanded.

Details

The Women's Royal Australian Naval Service (WRANS) was initially established with 14 females trained by Florence McKenzie as wireless telegraphists. The Royal Australian Navy enrolled the first 14 girls in April 1941 at HMAS Harman Wireless Telegraphy station. Later on 1 October 1942 they were sworn into the Navy as enlisted personnel with enlisted status. This is regarded as the formal foundation date for the organisation.

The First Fourteen at HMAS Harman

  • WR 1 Frances Provan
  • WR 2 Joan Furley
  • WR 3 Pat Ross
  • WR 4 Denise Owen
  • WR 5 Marion Stevens
  • WR 6 June McLeod
  • WR 7 Daphne Wright
  • WR 8 Jess Prain
  • WR 9 Joan Cade
  • WR 10 Joan Hodges
  • WR 11 Billie Thompson
  • WR 12 Judy Alley
  • WR 13 Shirley Drew
  • WR 14 Elsie Colless - did not enlist in the Navy but took her discharge.

Four months later the number was increased to 1000. [1]

Patsy Adam-Smith, author of Australian Women at War, states that the service never exceeded 3000 women enlisted at one time. In the WRANS women worked as telegraphists; coders; writers (typists and clerks); transport drivers; car drivers; office orderlies; dental mechanics; cooks; sickberth attendants; stewardesses; press relations officers (which included escorting the press to sea on trials); boarding officers; almoners; dome teacher operators (visual aids used for instruction and entertainment); education officers; vocational guidance; sea transport officers; and air liaison officers (moving RAN officers and ratings to all parts of the globe). There were harbour messengers; an accountant officer; supply assistants; medical, clothing and general stores; a postmaster; a postal clerk (delivering mail to ships in port and on anchor); and watch keepers. There were WRANS working as Translation Interpretors in the Allied Translation Section of General MacArthur's main 'Order of Battle'. Some worked on the degaussing range (assessing the magnetic attraction of vessels as they crossed the degaussing range); they worked in ciphers; visual signalling; signals and communications; radio telegraphy plotting; and as messengers. Others were with the Radar Counter-measure, Allied Intelligence Bureau and Censorship Officers. They were at the Gunnery School, small arms range. One job was to handle all Safe Hand Mail for the port of Sydney, while another was to correct and issue charts to both merchant and naval ship's masters. There was an Assistant to the Staff Officer (Operations) Brisbane and another to the Director of Victualling.

Many WRANS were engaged on technical duties of a secret nature, working long hours under exacting conditions. For many, this meant absolute silence about their work, even after demobilisation, while the end of the war meant that others were released from secrecy. While the most senior men were adamant that WRANS would not work as mechanics, they did indeed work in ordnance artificers' workshops. Several women wore WRANS uniform merely for convenience or safety against the event of their being discovered and, as a civilian, being treated as a spy. [2]

The last wartime WRAN was discharged in 1948 when the WRANS were disbanded, but the service was reconstituted in 1951. By 1959 the WRANS were part of the Permanent Naval Forces, but Government policy of the day was that servicewomen not be employed in combat duties, and members of the WRANS were excluded from seagoing employment.

In 1985 women became fully integrated into the Royal Australian Navy and the WRANS were disbanded by an Act of Parliament. [3]

[1] Ships Belles pp. 67-70
[2] Australian Women at war. p. 215, pp 376-377
[3] http://www.gunplot.net/wrans/wrans1.htm accessed 2002-11-28

Sources used to compile this entry: Adam-Smith, Patsy, Australian women at war, Nelson, Melbourne, 1984, 386 pp; Fenton Huie, Shirley, Ships belles : the story of the Women's Royal Australian Naval Service in war and peace 1941-1985, Watermark Press, Balmain, N.S.W., 2000, 341 pp; http://www.gunplot.net/wrans/wrans1.htm accessed 2002-11-28.

Related entries

Related Women

Archival resources

Australian War Memorial Research Centre

  • Archbishop Daniel Mannix, Catholic Chaplain General of the Australian Army, c. 1945, P03081.001; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Australian servicewomen's memorial, 1999, ART90968; Ferguson, Anne; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Heather Starr, Leading Telegraphist, Women's Royal Australian Naval Service, 13 June 1989, S00593; Dr Ruth Thompson; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Huie, Shirley Fenton, 1980s - 1990s, PR01873; Fenton Huie, Shirley; Huie, Shirley Fenton; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • An informal group of members of the Women's Royal Australian Naval Service (WRANS) on the wharf at Garden Island., P02696.001; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Last WRANS at Rushcutter, April 1946, P02341.001; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • Members of the first WRANS Officer Training Corp., P00493.001; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details
  • SENIOR WRANS FROM HMAS HARMAN NAVAL WIRELESS STATION, April 1945, P01132.005; Australian War Memorial Research Centre. Details

National Library of Australia Oral History Collection

  • [Conversation with Enid Conley] [sound recording] / [interviewer: Hazel de Berg]., ORAL DeB 890; National Library of Australia Oral History Collection. Details

Digital resources

Title
Women's Royal Australian Naval Service (WRANS)
Type
Image
Date
27 August 1941
Control
009203
Source
Australian War Memorial

Details

Title
A Naval Officers launch
Type
Image
Control
P00444.194
Source
Australian War Memorial

Details

Title
They also served (Two Wrans 1941-85)
Type
Image
Date
1989
Control
ART41001
Source
Australian War Memorial

Details

See also

Title
An informal group of members of the Women's Royal Australian Naval Service (WRANS)
Type
Image
Date
1945
Control
P02696.001
Source
Australian War Memorial

Details

Title
Matron Annie Laidlaw
Type
Image
Date
1944
Creator
Heysen, Nora (1911 - 2003)
Control
ART22219
Source
Australian War Memorial

Details

Anne Heywood

Site-wide information and acknowledgements

National Foundation for Australian Women The University of Melbourne, eScholarship Research Centre

http://www.womenaustralia.info/biogs/AWE0387b.htm

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